Writing of the Declaration of Independence

Advice and Consent


The phrase “advice and consent” is a phrase used in the U.S. Constitution that means guidance, recommendations, and permission.  It is a phrase that is used to limit powers granted to the U.S. President by the U.S. citizens through the U.S. Constitution.  




Article II, Section II, Clause II


“He [the U.S. President] shall have power, by and with the advice (guidance and recommendations) and consent (permission) of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice (guidance and recommendations) and consent (permission) of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments.”


U.S. Senate Definition:


Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.





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