James Madison

James Madison

The U.S. Constitution

Author:  James Madison

Final Version Written: Monday, September 17, 1787

Presented: Friday, September 28, 1787

 

Ratified: Saturday, June 21, 1788

Effective: Wednesday, March 4, 1789

 

First Amendment Added: Thursday, December 15, 1791

 

Most Recent Amendment Added: Thursday, May 7, 1992

 

The United States Constitution is essentially a legal contract among all U.S. citizens. It outlines how the government will function and some of the foundational rights of all citizens, based on natural law, that cannot be denied to any citizen.  Article V (5) describes the process for making changes to the Constitution.

The Constitution of the United States of America 

 

Preamble "We the People"

 

Article I (1) Legislative Branch

 

Article II (2) Executive Branch

 

Article III (3) Judicial Branch

 

Article IV (4) State Government

 

Article V (5) Amendment Process 

 

Article VI (6) Status of the Constitution

 

Article VII (7) Ratification

 

Signers (Those Who Signed the Constitution) 

 

Amendments I-XXVII (1-27) 1791-1992

 

12 Proposed Amendments 1791

 

Bill of Rights (Amendments 1-10) 1791

 

Preamble

 

Amendment I (1) Religion & Expression (1791)

 

Amendment II (2) Bear Arms (1791)

 

Amendment III (3)  Quartering of Soldiers (1791)

 

Amendment IV (4) Search & Seizure (1791)

 

Amendment V (5) Grand Jury, Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, Due Process (1791)

 

Amendment VI (6) Criminal Prosecutions, Jury Trial, Witnesses, & Counsel (1791)

 

Amendment VII (7) Jury Trial (1791)

Amendment VIII (8) Bail, Fines, Punishment (1791)

 

Amendment IX (9) Non-Enumerated Rights (1791)

 

Amendment X (10) Power Reserved for the States (1791)

 

Additional Amendments (Amendments 11-27) 1795-1992

 

Amendment XI (11) Suits Against a State (1795)

 

Amendment XII (12) Election of the President & Vice President (1804)

 

Amendment XIII (13) Slavery & Involuntary Servitude (1865)

 

Amendment XIV (14) Privileges & Immunities of Citizenship, Due Process, & Equal Protection (1868)

 

Amendment XV (15) Voting Rights (1870)

 

Amendment XVI (16) Federal Income Tax (1913)

 

Amendment XVII (17) Election of US Senators (1913)

 

Amendment XVIII (18) Prohibition (1919)

 

Amendment XIX (19) Women's Right to Vote (Women's Suffrage) (1920)

 

Amendment XX (20) Terms & Succession for President, Vice President, and Members of Congress (1933)

 

Amendment XXI (21) Repeal of Prohibition (18th Amendment) (1933)

 

Amendment XXII (22) Presidential Term Limits (1951)

 

Amendment XXIII (23) Presidential Vote for District of Columbia (1961)

 

Amendment XXIV (24) Abolition of Federal Poll Tax Requirement (1964)

 

Amendment XXV (25) Presidential Vacancy, Disability, or Incapacity (1967)

 

Amendment XXVI (26) Voting Age (1971)

 

Amendment XXVII (27) Congressional Compensation Limitations (1992)

 

Note: Signers' Religions

 

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Bill of Rights