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The Prince


Author: Nicolo Machiavelli


Translator: W. K. Marriott  


Nicolo Machiavelli, born at Florence on 3rd May 1469. From 1494 to 1512 held an official post at Florence which included diplomatic missions to various European courts. Imprisoned in Florence, 1512; later exiled and returned to San Casciano. Died at Florence on 22nd June 1527.


Audio available on Youtube

Political Bell Curve



Youth Aet. 1-25—1469-94 


Office Aet. 25-43—1494-1512 


Literature and Death Aet. 43-58—1512-27 


The Man and His Works




Chapter I    How Many Kinds of Principalities There Are, and by What Means They Are Acquired


Chapter II    Concerning Hereditary Principalities


Chapter III    Concerning Mixed Principalities


Chapter IV    Why the Kingdom of Darius, Conquering by Alexander, Did Not Rebel Against the Successors of Alexander at His Death


Chapter V    Concerning the Way to Govern Cities or Principalities Which Lived Under Their Own Laws Before They Were Annexed


Chapter VI    Concerning New Principalities Which Are Acquired by One's Own Arms and Ability


Chapter VII    Concerning New Principalities Which Are Acquired Concerning Those Who Have Obtained a Principality by Wickedness


Chapter VIII    Concerning Those Who Have Obtained a Principality by Wickedness


Chapter    IX Concerning A Civil Principality


Chapter X    Concerning the Way in Which the Strength of All Principalities Ought to be Measured


Chapter XI    Concerning Ecclesiastical Principalities 


Chapter XII    How Many Kinds of Soldiery There Are, and Concerning Mercenaries


Chapter XIII    Concerning Auxiliaries, Mixed Soldiery, and Ones Own 


Chapter XIV    That Which Concerns a Prince on the Subject of War 


Chapter XV    Concerning Things for Which Men, and Especially Princes, Are Praised or Blamed  


Chapter XVI    Concerning Liberality and Meanness


Chapter XVII    Concerning Cruelty and Clemency, and Whether it is Better to be Loved Than Feared 


Chapter XVIII    Concerning the Way in Which Princes Should Keep Faith 


Chapter XIX    That One Should Avoid Being Despised and Hated 


Chapter XX    Are Fortresses, and Many Other Things to Which Princes Often Resort, Advantageous or Hurtful? 


Chapter XXI    How a Prince Should Conduct Himself So as to Gain Renown 


Chapter XXII    Concerning the Secretaries of Princes


Chapter XXIII    How Flatterers Should Be Avoided


Chapter XXIV   Why the Princes of Italy Have Lost Their States 


Chapter XXV    What Fortune Can Effect In Human Affairs and How to Withstand Her


Chapter XXVI    An Exhortation to Liberate Italy From the Barbarians 


Description of the Methods Adopted By the Duke Valentino When Murdering Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto Da Fermo, the Signor Pagolo, and the Duke Di Gravina Orsini


The Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca 




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